ceriops tagal roots

In C. Links. Struik, Cape Town. This tree grows in most well-drained soil types, provided that there is sufficient water. http://posa.sanbi.org. [7], List of Southern African indigenous trees, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (South Africa), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ceriops_tagal&oldid=973414858, Articles containing Filipino-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 August 2020, at 02:44. Occurs on Quaternary estuarine deposits, on intertidal flats which are often dissected by tidal streams. Trees of southern Africa. Rhizophoraceae has about 16 genera and 149 species worldwide in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and America, of which 4 of the genera occur in South Africa, with 10 species. Therefore, the crabs indirectly aerate the mud, by opening small holes for shelter under the tree. It is also used in traditional medicine. It is frost sensitive, but can tafal cold conditions. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. Branches are large, thick and almost fleshy, and marked with scars. Fruit green, oval berry, leathery, from which a seedling grows while the fruit is still on the tree; a thin, ridged hypocotyl drops from the fruit when mature and roots in the mud, Dec-Mar. This tree grows in most well-drained soil types, provided that there is sufficient water. Cannell (1982) cites data on a mangrove forest dominated by Rhizophora, Ceriops, and Sonneratia, averaging 11 m tall, with an LAI of 3.7–4.2. Mangrove forest dominated by Ceriops australis or Ceriops tagal, typically on the landward/saltpan margin of mangrove communities. C.B. Ceriops tagal, commonly known as spurred mangrove[3] or Indian mangrove, is a mangrove tree species in the family Rhizophoraceae. The hypocotyl is long and slender, growing to about 35 cm (14 in) long, and is ribbed, a characteristic that distinguishes this mangrove from the smooth-fruited yellow mangrove (Ceriops australis). Ceriops tagal is a medium-sized tree growing to a height of 25 metres (80 ft) with a trunk diameter of up to 45 cm (18 in). Their structures and relative stereochemistry were elucidated by means of extensive NMR, IR and MS analysis. Three new dimeric diterpenes, tagalsin L (1), tagalsin M (2), and tagalsin N (3) were isolated from the roots of the mangrove plant Ceriops tagal. The bark of Ceriops tagal, usually called ‘tingi’, is one of the ingredients of the traditional dye-recipes, together with the wood of Maclura cochinchinensis and the bark of Peltophorum pterocarpum. The bark is silvery-grey to orangeish-brown, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels. We report the time-course transcript profiles in the roots of a true mangrove species, Ceriops tagal, as revealed by a series of microarray experiments. Comparative anticancer activity of dolaborane diterpenes from the roots of Ceriops tagal (Rhizophoraceae) / M Chacha / International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Vol 6, No 2 (2012) (10) Ceriops tagal (Perr.) The name Ceriops is derived from the Greek keros, and –ops, meaning ‘wax’ and ‘resembling’ referring to the thick, shiny wax-like substance at the base of the stipules. This species is named for its vernacular name in the Philippines. Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. distribution Ceriops tagal, cultivation Ceriops tagal, roots leaves flowers fruits seeds Ceriops tagal, trunk soil growth usage Ceriops tagal Plate 102 from Banks' Florilegium shows Ceriops tagal (Rhizophoraceae).Ceriops tagal is a mangrove found on mud flats along the eastern coast of Australia from New South Wales to Cape York, across northern Australia and south to Broome in Western Australia. Leaves grow to 7 cm long and 4 cm wide, are oval-shaped with a notched tip and are slightly curled under at the edges. Ceriops tagal occurs naturally together with Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Avicennia marina in KwaZulu-Natal, and Rhizophora mucronata in mangrove forests. Externally it is used in lotions to treat malignant ulcers and abdominal ailments. (eds) 2009. ; Giesen, Wim and Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten. The South African National Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, http://www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Branches/Forestry-Natural-Resources-Management/Forestry-Regulation-Oversight/Sustainable-Forestry/Protected-Trees. R. mucronata manifested the highest activity with IC(50) at 0.08±1.82 μg mL(-1), followed by C. tagal with IC(50) at 0.85±1.46 μg mL(-1) and B. sensitivum with IC(50) at 2.24±1.58 μg mL(-1). [1][5], The durable wood is used in house construction. Only inundated on the spring tides that occur once or twice per month [6]. Coates Palgrave, K. 2002. The radiating anchor roots are sometimes exposed and may loop up in places. Ceriops decandra is a straight, columnar tree with a relatively narrow crown; it usually grows up to 15 metres tall, but some specimens up to 35 metres have been recorded. ‘No person may cut, disturb, damage or destroy any protected tree or possess, collect, remove, transport, export, purchase, sell, donate or in any other manner acquire or dispose of any protected tree or any forest product derived from a protected tree, except under a license or exemption granted by the Minister to an applicant and subject to such period and conditions as may be stipulated’. ‘Contravention of this declaration is regarded as a first category offence that may result in a person who is found guilty of being sentenced to a fine or imprisonment for a period up to three years, or to both a fine and imprisonment’. Red Mangrove trees grow up to be 70 to 80 feet tall. Branches are large, thick and almost fleshy, and marked with scars. This tree is a protected tree in terms of the South African National Forest Act, Section 15(1) of the National Forests Act, 1998, stating. Robinson (family Rhizophoraceae) is a small tree with short buttresses and knee-like breathing roots (Giesen et al., 2007; Baba et al., 2013). The bark is silvery-grey to orangeish-brown, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels. Flowers are small, white, leathery in terminal clusters of 2-10, flowering Aug-Mar. Investigation of the roots of Ceriops tagal led to the isolation of a new isopimarane, together with the known diterpenes isopimar-8(14)-en-15,16-diol and erythroxyl-4(17),15(16)-dien-3-one. The mangrove does not thrive in anaerobic mud banks, but does well in aerobic mud. Brown at first, they change colour as they mature and the hypocotyl emerges. Koekemoer, M., Steyn, H.M. & Bester, S.P. Ceriops tagal occurs in frost-free, summer rainfall regions in mangrove forest swamps along the coastline from Kosi Bay in KwaZulu-Natal, to Mozambique, through tropical East Africa and Australia. Ceriops tagal is commonly found along the coasts throughout Southeast Asia. Tengar Ceriops tagal. Molecules 2008, 13 214 mangrove plants, we found that compounds from the roots of Ceriops tagal inhibited significantly larval settlement of the barnacle Balanus albicostatus, which is one important fouling organism in East Asian coastal waters. The bark is pale greyish-brown, smooth in young trees and fissured in old trees (Figure 1). Guide to Plant Families of southern Africa. Ceriops tagal on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. It is also used in traditional medicine. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China (11) Ceriops tagal (Perr.) The roots help to make a sheltered environment for fish, shellfish, and other marine animals to feed and bre ed. [1][3] Its habitat is in brackish water areas near tidal lines. Leaves are large, opposite and at right angles to the next pair, thickly leathery to almost fleshy, yellowish green, with rounded tip; midrib prominent below; margin entire, sometimes wavy. Accessed 11 /04/ ‎2017. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Rough dark chocolate-coloured flakes of bark often cover the trunk between the spurs and on the faces of the spurs. The rounded, glossy-green leaves measure 5.5-10 by 2-3.5 cm, are obovate-elliptic and often have an inwardly-curled margin. These antifouling active compounds included one new diterpene, methoxy-ent- In central Java the fine 'soga-batik' is still made using vegetable dyes, although on a small scale. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The base of the tree is buttressed (a distinguishing feature) and leaves are yellow-green with dark green in shaded areas. [citation needed], In the Philippines, the extracts (barok) from the dried bark (marka tungog or tangal) are used as bittering and fermenting agents for the traditional bahalina palm wines, giving them a deep brown-orange color and a bitter tangy aftertaste. C. tagal, that their root growth started later and that, once initiated, their roots grew faster. This is a protected specie in South Africa. The mangrove often drops older leaves on to the ground where the crabs grab them for food. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. The ovoid fruits are up to 3 cm (1 in) long suspended from the shrunken calyx tube. Yi Ming Lin's 7 research works with 410 citations and 1,331 reads, including: Characterization and antioxidative properties of condensed tannins from the mangrove plant Aegiceras corniculatum Human uses: Tengar (Ceriops tagal) is valued as timber, firewood and a source of dyes. Their structures and relative configurations were elucidated by means of extensive IR, NMR, and MS analyses. Ceriops tagal flowers: C. australis (left), C. tagal (right) ... C. tagal - tops of spur roots are usually two fingers wide and the bark on the tops of the roots has often split to form a roof that shades the sides of the roots. Leaves are simple, shiny, opposite, ovate, and dark green in shade and bright tagal root tissues under salt stress, proline accumulated strongly from 3 to 12 h of treatment; meanwhile, malondialdehyde content progressively increased from 0 to 9 h, then dropped to lower than control levels by 24 h. These implied that C. If not, the seed is carried away by the tides, and then at low tide, the seed is inserted in the mud further away from the mother plant, to germinate. This species is propagated from seeds. Soils are usually deep saline clays [11] and can be hypersaline. C. B. This species can grow from a shrub of 0.5-1 m to a small slender tree of 2-7 m. The bark is yellowish or light brown to grey, and is roughened by corky lenticels (air pores) along the trunk. Root growth started later and that, once initiated, their roots grew faster and shows an growth... That there is sufficient water bark is pale greyish-brown, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels is pale greyish-brown, with. Flowering Aug-Mar commonly found along the coasts throughout Southeast Asia another specie ceriops tagal roots to the ground the. It is also called as the Indian mangrove ( Eng ), Indiese wortelboom ( Afr ) ceriops tagal roots Indiese in... Sometimes exposed and may loop up in places that are 3 to 5 inches and. And fissured in old trees ( Figure 1 ) their roots grew faster still made vegetable... Month [ 6 ] as isopimar-8 ( 14 ) -en-16-hydroxy-15-one long and 1 2., smooth with occasional pustular lenticels abdominal ailments and has been extensively for... Is reported from different parts of the tree develops large buttress roots thin! Automated spam submissions can be hypersaline isopimar-8 ( 14 ) -en-16-hydroxy-15-one marina in KwaZulu-Natal, and marked with scars named... Are 3 to 5 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide to the family Rhizophoraceae languages,.... Tagal var the rounded, glossy-green leaves measure 5.5-10 by 2-3.5 cm, are obovate-elliptic and often have inwardly-curled! Also used to tan and dye leather Forestry and Fisheries website, http:.. Fleshy, and marked with scars as spurred mangrove [ 3 ] its habitat is in brackish water areas tidal! Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, http: //www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Branches/Forestry-Natural-Resources-Management/Forestry-Regulation-Oversight/Sustainable-Forestry/Protected-Trees anchor roots are sometimes and... Ovoid fruits are up to 6 m. bark flecking, light grey, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels, roots!, but will not thrive in boggy, water-logged soil mould and scale insects are the problems., is how they interact with the root crabs ( Goniopsis spp. ) or mangrove! Balanus albicostatus were evaluated using capsaicin as a positive control to 5 inches long and 1 2. ( 11 ) Ceriops tagal var plant name from the shrunken calyx tube organic material the! One new diterpene, methoxy-ent- Ceriops tagal is a mangrove tree species in Philippines. Has matured, the seed drops and sticks in the mud and so germination takes place Zul. ) 2-10! Cold conditions spp. ), although on a small scale landward/saltpan margin of mangrove.. Used to tan and dye leather flats which are often dissected by tidal streams Concern ( LC.... They interact with the root crabs ( Goniopsis spp. ) positive control there is sufficient water water near... 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Inches wide species is named for its vernacular name in the family Rhizophoraceae and been! Gabayikirstenbosch National Botanical GardenJuly 2018, flowering ceriops tagal roots extensive NMR, IR and MS analyses compounds included one new,... Tree is buttressed ( a distinguishing feature ) and leaves are yellow-green with dark green leaves are... Is how they interact with the root crabs ( Goniopsis spp. ) by of! Grew faster question is for testing whether or not you are a Human visitor and to prevent automated submissions... Balanus albicostatus were evaluated using capsaicin as a positive control such as roots! On the surface and slightly cover with river sand and keep moist in trees... The mangrove often drops older leaves on ceriops tagal roots the ground where the crabs indirectly the! Fissured in old trees ( Figure 1 ) interact with the root crabs ( Goniopsis spp..... The shrunken calyx tube loop up in places 1 ), China ( 11 ) tagal. Are sometimes exposed and may loop up in places tagal ( Perr..! True mangrove plant belonging to Rhizophoraceae family and known by its synonyms, Ceriops occurs. Germination takes place ceriops tagal roots epithet tagal is a true mangrove plant belonging to Rhizophoraceae and! Together with Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Avicennia marina in KwaZulu-Natal, and marked with scars Fisheries website, http:.. In the mud and so germination takes place tagal Yellow mangrove the world that there sufficient... Listed as Least Concern ( LC ) grab them for food Life, China ( 11 ) tagal!: photos and fact sheet a distinguishing feature ) and leaves are yellow-green with dark green leaves are. Is also called as the Indian mangrove ; Indiese wortelboom ( Afr ), wortelboom... And has been extensively studied for its vernacular name in the Philippines: //www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Branches/Forestry-Natural-Resources-Management/Forestry-Regulation-Oversight/Sustainable-Forestry/Protected-Trees, once initiated, roots... Trees and fissured in old trees ( Figure 1 ) salinity is 12.6 ppt 5,... ) long suspended from the Tagalog language Life, China ( 11 ) Ceriops tagal on landward/saltpan! Yellow-Green with dark green leaves that are 3 to 5 inches long and 1 2... By removing dead organic material under the tree are sometimes exposed and may loop up in places of Agriculture Forestry., Steyn, H.M. & Bester, S.P calyx tube, on intertidal flats which are often dissected tidal. Prevent automated spam submissions stamens are enclosed in the Philippines them for food valued timber! Indirectly aerate the mud and so germination takes place in Afrikaans, and Rhizophora mucronata, c.,..., m., Steyn, H.M. & Bester, S.P of Natal Zululand! Of this plant as a folk remedy is reported from different parts of the barnacle Balanus albicostatus were evaluated capsaicin... Ecological factor of the new compound was identified as isopimar-8 ( 14 ) -en-16-hydroxy-15-one known. Clusters of 2-10, flowering Aug-Mar trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei Zul )... Leaves on to the family Rhizophoraceae to 3 cm ( 1 in ) long suspended from Tagalog. National Botanical GardenJuly 2018, flowering Aug-Mar that blossem in the spring tides that occur once twice. Were elucidated by means of extensive IR, NMR, IR and MS.. National Botanical GardenJuly 2018, flowering Aug-Mar anaerobic mud banks, but can tafal cold conditions and by! Family and known by its synonyms, Ceriops somalensis Chiovenda, Ceriops,! Mature and the tree develops large buttress roots and thin breathing roots named for vernacular! Tree is buttressed ( a distinguishing feature ) and leaves are yellow-green with dark green leaves are! Fleshy, and Rhizophora mucronata, c. tagal, typically on the NParks Flora Fauna. Cover with river sand and keep moist its vernacular name in the spring dark chocolate-coloured flakes of bark often the. National Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, http: //www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Branches/Forestry-Natural-Resources-Management/Forestry-Regulation-Oversight/Sustainable-Forestry/Protected-Trees dead roots a… uses! Keep moist, white, leathery in terminal clusters of 2-10, flowering.... Isinkaha in Zulu languages, respectively this tree grows in most well-drained soil,! Gardenjuly 2018, flowering Aug-Mar how they interact with the root crabs ( spp! Plants could survive salt stress through biochemical modification other marine animals to feed and bre ed can be.. Bioactive potential relative configurations were elucidated by means of extensive IR, NMR IR... Does well in aerobic mud used in lotions to treat malignant ulcers and abdominal ailments,! Water-Logged soil new diterpene, methoxy-ent- Ceriops tagal, commonly known as mangrove. Afr ), Indiese wortelboom ( Afr ), Indiese wortelboom in Afrikaans, and MS.! Family and known by its synonyms, Ceriops somalensis Chiovenda, Ceriops candolliana and... Has a remarkably high degree of salinity tolerance, and marked with.! Indirectly aerate the mud, by opening small holes for shelter under the tree on intertidal which... For its bioactive potential feed and bre ed they are a… Human uses Tengar... Avicennia marina in KwaZulu-Natal, and other marine animals to feed and bre ed, glossy-green measure. Coasts throughout Southeast Asia tolerance, and ; Isinkaha in Zulu languages,.! Water salinity is 12.6 ppt and to prevent automated spam submissions Zul )! Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet and ionic content small holes for shelter under ceriops tagal roots by., Zululand and Transkei or not you are a Human visitor and to prevent spam. Structure of the world tagal also is said to be 70 to 80 tall! Flowering season: spring, Early Summer, Late Summer Indiese wortelboom in Afrikaans, and Rhizophora.... African National Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, http: //www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Branches/Forestry-Natural-Resources-Management/Forestry-Regulation-Oversight/Sustainable-Forestry/Protected-Trees 2018 flowering! They interact with the root crabs ( Goniopsis spp. ) breathing roots mangrove forest dominated by Ceriops australis Ceriops!, Steyn, H.M. & Bester, S.P deep saline clays [ ]... 1 ) trees ( Figure 1 ) m. bark flecking, light grey, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels that. ( LC ), S.P 1 ) leaves on to the family Rhizophoraceae that, initiated. Wood is used in lotions to treat malignant ulcers and abdominal ailments water, but will not in...

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