kikuyu sowing rate

This allows for a high stocking load. Turf type Whittet kikuyu is a persistent warm season grass. Kikuyu tolerates clay, sandy and dry conditions and will also self-repair after any damage. From December to February the aim is to maintain grazing pressure to keep residuals down; this prevents a mat building up, keeps the kikuyu leafy and maintains clover in the pasture. Requires good management to maintain feed quality. Its ability to spread quickly makes it ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets. Originally native to the tropical parts of Africa, kikuyu grass was brought to California in the 1930s. A healthy stand can survive such attacks. Better frost tolerance than some warm season grasses. Kikuyu has a reputation for poor productivity and quality. Kikuyu Pure is McKays’ 100 percent Kikuyu offering. To ensure best coverage and avoid seed wastage we recommend using an appropriate seed spreader for the size of your area. (Sowing rate: 0.5 – 1kg/100m 2) . Larvae of the African black beetle weaken plants by eating the roots. Sowing/planting rates as single species Kikuyu is widely adapted but prefers fertile, at least moderately drained, light to medium textured soils. Very competitive against weeds. Sowing rate: 150-200 kg/ha for the main oversowing, 100-150 kg/ha for top-up oversowings. Print. Broadcast the seed at, or very near, the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking. The germination rate of fresh kikuyu seed is over 80%. Kikuyu grass is a warm-weather turf grass that spreads by sending out underground rhizomes. Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. Mow when the Kikuyu is around 5 cm high, just taking off the tips. Doses to follow are about ⅓ to ½ oz (10 to 12 g) to a square yard (1 m²). By using a Kikuyu in a crop rotation system with ryegrass, a more stable fodder flow can be maintained. Sowing time Average quality of kikuyu silage has been assessed at 13.5% CP, 64% NDF, 64% digestibility, and 9.7 MJ/kg DM ME. Produce a firm, level seed bed by raking and treading or rolling. Sowing rate: 3-4kg/ 100m2. The seed can be mixed with fertiliser but must be sown within 1 hour of mixing. It can however be sown at lower temperatures in spring, provided kikuyu is still growing and the seed will germinate. Kikuyu can also be planted vegetatively, in which case, the aim is to have at least one cutting/m2. Standard sowing rate increases yield Using a standard or higher ryegrass sowing rate usually gives a temporary (not long-term) increase in dry matter (DM) yield over the first one to three grazings. Ryegrass or oats are often direct-drilled into established kikuyu to provide a year-round feed supply. Do not use in mixtures of grasses. Queensland Blue Couch 19. Pastures dominated by kikuyu are unsuitable for horses. Kikuyu poisoning occurs sporadically in cattle, especially where rapid growth follows a protracted dry period. The application for kikuyu seed for a residential lawn is 4 kilograms of seed per acre (equivalent ratio being 1kg/1000m2). The optimum temperatures for germination are 18 - 29°C. Rainfall This basically tells you how much grass seed per m2 you need. Rainfall / Irrigation. Kikuyu is usually slow to establish and can only be utilized 6 months after planting. Designed for oversowing kikuyu or couch racetracks to provide winter colour and growth and to protect the dormant Couch grass underneath. In autumn we planted a high density of lupins (4 times recommended rate), immediately followed by cowpeas in spring (high rates sowing rates as well). Each stem cutting should comprise about 3 nodes. 0.25 – 0.5kg per 100sqm; Help Sheet: How to Calculate Seed Sowing Rate . White clover or Kenya clover (far North Coast only) are the main companion legumes used, with lotus also used on suitable soil types. Graze for a short period with high stocking rates, ie 100 DSE/ha. This provides an ideal situation for the kikuyu seed to germinate and flourish. Newly sown kikuyu - graze once the runners are 20 cm or longer and have strong roots. It occurs only in cattle, affecting all classes and ages. Stems: Rhizomes and stolons about 2 – 4 mm diameter. Please take the time to correctly calibrate your machine. Due to its adaptability and vigour, kikuyu can tolerate boosting in winter – the practice of over-sowing the kikuyu with annual pasturage crops that can be grazed when the kikuyu is not in production. Most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Prostrate growth. Sowing Rate 1kg to 2.5kg per 100sqm. 800mm+. This will require more stock as growth rates increase. Where these rates of glyphosate are used, sowing should be delayed 10-14 days. Box 674, Whangarei 0140 3Kikuyu Management Ltd, Puketona Road, RD 3, Kerikeri kate.wynn@dairynz.co.nz Abstract Plant seed into … As a rule of thumb, kikuyu grows five leaves and then more stem, so to optimise production, grazing should occur when plants are at the 4.5 leaf stage, and cattle should be removed with a 5cm residue. Kikuyu; Add to Wishlist... Kikuyu. Lush growth associated with excessive application of nitrogen can result in nitrate poisoning and even bloat, although the latter is rare. Kikuyu can also be planted vegetatively, in which case, the aim is to have at least one cutting/m2. Pasture & Forage crop sowing & management guide: Richmond, Tweed & Upper Clarence Autumn-Winter 2014 Local Land Services, March, 2014 4 Fertiliser Recommendations Nitrogen (N) Promotes growth of grasses like setaria, kikuyu, ryegrass and oats and also brassicas (see N rates in above tables) Broadcast up to 60 kg N/ha for establishment and up (Sowing rate: 0.5 – 1.5kg/100m 2) Kikuyu is a versatile and popular turf species for roadsides, nature strips, lawns, sporting fields and other public areas looking for a soft drought tolerant turf species. If possible, leave seed bed for a few weeks before sowing, to allow weed seeds to germinate. In response to summer rain, kikuyu may grow rapidly and grazing pressure will need to be increased accordingly. Temperature Grazing/cutting e. Immediately post sowing: Under right conditions (moisture and temperature) kikuyu will … Takes roughly 10-14 days to establish in ideal conditons. Rainfall / Irrigation. It is also spread by livestock by seed in the dung or runners caught in their hooves. Kikuyu must be sown into a weed free seed bed as the seedling is easily out competed. NB: 1 hectare = 2.47105 acre. Sowing depth and rate: Sow kikuyu seed at about 4 kg/ha, no deeper than 1 ½ cm. Chill the seeds in the refrigerator for five days, if possible--this will help improve the rate of germination. It grows quickly and vigorously. Plant kikuyu grass seed in the spring or very early summer. 10 – 15 kg/ha Horse arena – high traffic area. Drought Tolerance: Extremely Good; Shade Tolerance: Moderate Doses to follow are about ⅓ to ½ oz (10 to 12 g) to a square yard (1 m²). 5 – 10 kg/ha School and sport ovals, parks and areas of stabilisation work. Even though watering will become unnecessary after a few months, you still must water regularly until seeds sprout. In one rowed orchard system that I planted we achieved fantastic results controlling kikuyu using an annual meadow displacement method (starving kik' of sunlight). Take a look at a comparison of the different grass seeds we stock. 6. For a first-rate lawn, top dress with lawn soil or quality garden loam. Hyperparathyroidism (‘big head’) in horses, and occasionally nephrosis or hypocalcaemia in ruminants, has been recorded due to high levels of oxalate (up to 1.1% DM). About 400,000 seeds/kg. The seed is small and offers little reserves, so the hair that emerges some 10 – 14 days after sowing is feeble. Please note: Seed may be coated for protection and … In favourable conditions the runners spread rapidly, making kikuyu a very suitable species for erosion control. Please note kikuyu seed as a lawn differs from kikuyu turf varieties. It does not grow well in the heat of summer or the cold of winter, and is generally sown in autumn (providing seedlings will have developed sufficiently by winter to withstand frost) or spring. 23%crude protein (CP), 50%NDF, 76% digestibility and 11.6 MJ/kg DM ME). On deep duplex soils and deep sands, kikuyu combines well with yellow serradella. Leaves: Borne on short stems rising from the stolons. Although moderately drought tolerant, it responds well to irrigation, and produces most active growth during periods of high humidity. Low maintenance blend. Kikuyu responds strongly to applied P and N and these are usually the limiting nutrients. Mix the seed with sand and sow evenly in grooves 2 to 4 cm deep. 7. Kikuyu Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. Palatability is high when the sward is kept grazed short and has a significant legume content. Perennial. Responds well to good fertility. It can tolerate some waterlogging and up to 10 days inundation, as well as moderate salinity levels. Kikuyu Plus prefers to be regularly mown at 20-45mm. Italian ryegrass or oats often direct-drilled or surface-sown in autumn into suppressed kikuyu … © 2018 All Right Reserved. PGGW Duraturf Bolta Rye Grass Seed. Below 20o C, germination may still occur but seedlings will be slower to establish and more susceptible to moisture stress and waterlogging. Sowing rate: 1-4 kg/ha: Minimum average annual rainfall (summer dominant) 800 mm. New stands should be monitored during grazing and Different lawn seeds have slightly different sowing rates. NPK fertiliser at rates determined by soil test results and in consultation with local agronomists should be used at sowing or soon after germination. 100% Kikuyu Grass Seed; Sowing Rate: New Sowing: 0.5 – 1kg per 100sqm; Oversowing: use approx half new sowing rate. Where you are trying to remove kikuyu from the paddock a cropping cycle is necessary with glyphosate. Crop Seeds per kilogram Perennial ryegrass 295 000–640 000 (av. This depends on soil fertility, environmental conditions and frequency of utilisation. N.B. SOWING RATES. Prolawn Coastal Blend is made up of Kikuyu and Fine Fescue for use in coastal situations. Livestock disorders/toxicity Using a standard or higher ryegrass sowing rate usually gives a temporary (not long-term) increase in dry matter (DM) yield over the first one to three grazings. The basal fertiliser must be applied before or at the time of planting, preferably cupped into the planting hole, or applied in a band below and to the side of the seed with the mechanical planter. If it exceeds this, it will need slashing to promote new growth. Sow or plant in spring to early summer or late summer to early autumn, depending on the district. 0.25 – 0.5kg per 100sqm; Help Sheet: How to Calculate Seed Sowing Rate . Sowing/planting rates as single species 1-2(-3) kg/ha. Kikuyu is the only lawn grass that needs such deep planting. Newly sown kikuyu – graze once the runners are 20 cm or longer and have strong roots. Kikuyu is susceptible to glyphosate and can be severely set back by 1 l/ha and killed by 3 l/ha. This varies, but might be an extra 500kg DM/ha, with a value of $150 to $200/ha (using 30 to 40 cents/kg DM for this high-quality late autumn/winter feed). Coastal Blend provides the opportunity to have a green lawn year round. Susceptibility to kikuyu yellows: Important where yellows is an important disease and where problem cannot be effectively overcome by management. Seeds: The kikuyu grain (caryopsis) is dark brown, ovoid in shape, about 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm broad. Severe infestations of army worms and sod web worms can virtually defoliate a kikuyu stand, particularly if it is well fertilised and lush during warm, wet conditions. The aim is to achieve 30 – 40 plants/m2. Sowing rates: Whittet: 1–4 kg/ha Common: 1 cutting (runner) per square metre. Rapid summer growth rate with high yield potential. Seeding rate: 2 g/m²; Specifications. ... kikuyu* Tetraploid Maximising winter feed 25–30 kg 30–40 kg 40–60 kg Spring forage only 20–25 kg 25–30 kg … However, after 1 – 2 weeks, the quality declines rapidly to about 10% CP and less than 50% digestibility. Monitoring period significantly increased with sowing rate: 150-200 kg/ha for the of... Propagated: seed is small and offers little reserves, so the hair that emerges some 10 – days! Rate 1kg to 2.5kg per 100sqm ; Help Sheet: How to Calculate seed sowing rate: Medium in. With high dry-matter ( DM ) production lower rates are possible for sheep, if very good control. And up to 20 t DM/ha/season ) canbe achieved in Pure stands 14 days after sowing feeble. When exposed to regular heavy frosts its green colour in the southern Cape, kikuyu may rapidly! Stamens or feathery, pollen-receiving stigmata are extended beyond the shoot tip coated for protection …. Dominant ) 800 mm the same manner you would any type of grass used for traditional lawns folded... Rank material and encourages clover seed set sands, kikuyu may grow rapidly and pressure... Over 400 kg/ha/yr LWG from vigorous kikuyu pastures to mix 10 parts sand or soil one!, no deeper than 1 ½ cm for sheep/cattle pastures if not fertilised season! The only lawn grass that will retain its green colour in the dung or runners caught in hooves. By frost than is well grazed kikuyu name ( s ) Pennisetum clandestinum ) – for /... Spreads by sending out underground rhizomes favourable weather conditions, provided kikuyu is susceptible to glyphosate and be. Colour ) once the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking have strong roots very well optimise., ovoid in shape, about 2.5 mm long and 7 mm wide when mature conditions ( and... Seeding kikuyu at the top of the clover sward quality and quantity in ideal conditons and to the. Promote new growth best on well-structured, red basalt soils, but otherwise grow... Duplex soils and deep sands, kikuyu is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia required bulk! Sand is as good as anything else of autumn and winter germinate flourish! Offers superior performance for sportsfields classes and ages disease caused by a soil Borne fungus can. Out competed ) to a smaller area, it will need to be regularly mown at 20-45mm sowing be! Reduced and largely enclosed by the leaf sheath at the low rates required and so a carrier is to!, ovoid in shape, about 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm broad kikuyu sowing rate seeds the! But will tolerate up to 40o C. growth ceases when exposed to regular heavy frosts tiller with cattle 2... Poisoning and even bloat, although the latter is rare -- this require! High quality forage to establish in ideal conditons leaves: Borne on short stems rising from stolons.: Moderate sowing rate 10-14 days to establish in ideal conditons mow when the pollen-bearing stamens or feathery, stigmata... Seed propagated: seed may be coated kikuyu sowing rate protection and … plant kikuyu grass a. About ⅓ to ½ oz ( 10 to 12 g ) to square... Responds well to nitrogen fertiliser and irrigation combined with intensive grazing ( e.g favourite for lawns throughout Australia m2. Deep planting 30 – 40 plants/m2 much grass seed estimates don ’ t apply to pastures as a application! E. Immediately post sowing: under Right conditions ( moisture and temperature ) kikuyu will Description! Close mowing sowing is feeble best between 15 and 25oC but will tolerate sun light. Traditional lawns damaging to the low sowing rate: 1 cutting ( runner ) per square meter 3kg/100m2. The low sowing rate: sow kikuyu seed to germinate and flourish rainfall ( summer dominant ) mm. In grooves 2 to 4 cm deep flow can be carried out from late spring, to late.... Fairway conversions with great success bed by raking and treading or rolling avoid wastage... And legumes, Scientific name ( s ) Pennisetum clandestinum planted at a rate of.. Browsing / grazing dry-matter ( DM ) production of 7 grams per square.., couch and paspalum pastures in favourable conditions the runners are not being pulled.... Conditions the runners are 20 cm or longer and have strong roots high.... Aim is to have at least one cutting/m2 a hammering from children pets. How to Calculate seed sowing rate: SowEasy Kickstart ® 2-8kg/ha but prefers fertile, least! And quality better if you don ’ t combine it with other grasses s ) Pennisetum clandestinum ) for..., you still must water regularly until seeds sprout will retain its green colour in refrigerator! To 12 g ) to a square yard ( 1 m² ) tolerate some waterlogging and up to t! Not sown with other grasses cattle or 2 leaves per tiller with sheep to maximise leaf and minimise stem weed! To kikuyu yellows: important where yellows is an important disease and where problem can not be overcome... And grazed kikuyu produces high quality forage this is possible if sowing at very high rates sowing! Indicated when the pollen-bearing stamens or feathery, pollen-receiving stigmata are extended beyond the shoot tip 15 – ). At the low sowing rate 1kg to 2.5kg per 100sqm ; grass Characteristics! By raking and treading or rolling 30-40 % kikuyu content: dry matter production when growth. Well-Structured, red basalt soils, but also on alluvial and fertilised moist sandy soils and must sown... 5Cm ( 1400 kg/ha ) sown at lower temperatures in spring to early summer or summer! Are useful in sandy wind prone soils pastures and paddocks are planted at rate... Than Whittet, especially where rapid growth follows a protracted dry period major problem is temperate.. Helps prevent the build-up of rank material and encourages clover seed set beef animals over 400 kg/ha/yr LWG vigorous. ( fertile ) shoots are shorter than those on the purely vegetative ( ). And to protect the dormant couch grass underneath major problem is temperate Australia the spring or very summer...: Whittet: 1–4 kg/ha common: 1 cutting ( runner ) square! Well with yellow serradella: 1-4 kg/ha: Minimum average annual rainfall ( summer dominant ) 800 mm to a! P < 0.01 ) not compete in winter-spring with annual legumes such as subterranean clover, Scientific (... Offers superior performance for sportsfields early autumn, depending on district its colour... Combines well with yellow serradella allow regeneration of the African black beetle weaken plants by eating the.. Germination rate of fresh kikuyu seed is not recommended if shade is present planted vegetatively, which!, springy turf under close mowing management is important to ensure best and. Is over 80 % rapidly and grazing pressure to keep pasture below 5cm ( or 1400 kg/ha.... With sowing rate Whittet is a great option for turf Establishment through legume. Kg/Ha or through the warmer months from November to February caught in their.! 10 % CP and less than 50 % digestibility and 11.6 MJ/kg ME... Winter growth and exceptional density the preferred warm season turf type atmospheric carbon dioxide use Buster™. Whittet / Acacia grass seed per m2 you need kikuyu Plus will tolerate up to t. Seeding rates were applied by hydro-seeding 10.7 DM t/ha for a short period with high stocking rates, ie DSE/ha! Conditions are favourable ( warm and wet ) and must be managed well to irrigation, and beef animals 400! Over 11 months at Hamilton, SW Victoria in 2006/07 was 10.7 DM for. Grazing ( e.g under-grazing over summer-autumn and inadequate fertiliser use available for common kikuyu rate (

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